Plane of development
- Period of how, when and where
- Enjoy the company of friends
- Peer pressure apparent
- Expresses definite likes and dislikes
- Become judgmental towards friends
- Push the limits of set boundaries
- More competitive
- Looks become important
- Have mood swings
- Forgets manners
Students in the Upper Elementary classroom have the advantage of learning at their own pace and level. The advantage of the Montessori system is that it provides opportunities for students, in most instances, to move beyond the pace and level of traditional public and private curriculums. The curriculum is expansive, exciting, and involves bringing nature into the classroom, whenever possible. In the classroom, students are empowered to take charge of their learning and inspired to work to their potential.
As part of a school community, it is encouraged to continue and build on life skills commenced in the lower elementary level with the addition of managing an allowance, obtaining a Baby Sitting Course and First Aid Certificate , and taking responsibility for specific responsibilities at home, school, and the community.
The development of language involves building skills in the areas of oral language, reading, writing process, and handwriting that began in the lower elementary class. Opportunities are provided to present projects, experiences, and to resolve problem-solving situations. Students continue to develop language skills through literature circles, novel study units, writing opportunities, and research topics. Students continue to develop knowledge of grammar, sentence structure, analysis of sentences, and reading comprehension skills. The use of appropriate punctuation and spelling is encouraged and guided. Students focus on the development of cursive writing and formalizing their projects with the use of a computer. Students are encouraged to read a minimum of 20 minutes each day. Reading is strengthened through novel study units, independent research units, and the continuation of analysis of written material from various genres and poetry that complement the history and geography sections of our curriculum.
Students continue advanced work and are encouraged to further develop their mathematical mind through the in-depth study in the arithmetic areas of algebra, problem solving, short and long division, geometry, data analysis, geometry, and square and cube roots to name a few. Progression from one level of difficulty to another is introduced when the student demonstrates readiness. The Montessori math materials will lead the student from concrete manipulation to abstract learning with the belief that process and understanding must preceed before memorization can take place.
Cultural Studies (Geography, History, Science)
It is in this area of the curriculum that the relatedness of the between subjects can be observed. This enables students to see the ‘whole’ picture. As in prior years, presentations are conducted on an individual basis, in small groups, and with the whole class. Students enjoy the opportunity to study extensions of previously learned lessons.
Students are involved in an in-depth study of Canada. Topics of choice are researched and presented to the class. Earlier studies introduced in lower elementary are revisited and continued in greater detail. Some of the topics of study include the Evolution of the Earth, History of Man, Ancient Civilizations, and Canadian history/government.
Some of the topics studied in this area include geographical structures, an in-depth study of Canada and opportunities for independent and group research topics. Students also continue to review the numerous exercises studied in order to retain the vastness of information learned.
In the Uupper Eelementary class, science is covered as a class, for the most part, and involves experiments and explorations in group situations and individual basis. Students have opportunities to organize and conduct experiments and to formalize them in written form using the Scientific Method. Some of the topics covered include the human systems, energy, space, electricity,biomes of the world , food chains, periodic table of elements, the study of vertebrate and non-vertebrate animals.
Art, Physical Education, Music
Appreciation for art is developed through the exposure of various art mediums in order to produce individual ‘masterpieces’. Colour, three-dimensional figures, and elements of art are introduced. Projects include seasonal creations, painting, drawing, modeling clay, and designing. Students are exposed to famous artists and have an opportunity to observe and compare paintings through library resources.
A healthy body and healthy mind is encouraged. Health and nutrition education is introduced in combination with physical activity. Students enjoy cooperative games and the development of basic sports skills, body awareness, and coordination in an atmosphere of friendly competition.
A musical specialist guides the development and appreciation of oral expression and instrumental instruction using the recorder when readiness is demonstrated. Students are encouraged to learn and use musical terminology, to read notes, and develop an ear for specific notes. Students enjoy creating their own musical compositions and preparing for various dance, drama, and vocal performances.
French Second Language
Students in the elementary class receive French instruction by a specialized teacher. During the 2 ½ hours of class time each week, students develop reading, writing, and vocabulary skills. Students learn to express themselves orally through drama skits, reading out-loud, and completing short assignments and lesson worksheets.
Elementary students become familiar with computer terms and the use of a computer. Familiarity with basic word processing, power point, research, and publishing capabilities of a computer is encouraged. Typing with all fingers is reinforced and progressed through typing tutorials. Students have opportunities for supervised Internet access for research assignments. Internet safety is monitored and introduced to the students.